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tv   CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley  CBS  September 22, 2015 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> pelley: pope francis lands in america after a high-level welcome, a most humble beginning. also tonight, donald trump. we were with you in new hampshire when that man stood up. >> yes. >> pelley: and said, "we have a problem in this country and it's muslims." you let that pass. and i wonder what that tells us about you. the v.w. cheating scandal grows to 11 million vehicles. and the corporate executive accused of gouging cancer patients. >> i'm a capitalist. i'm trying to create a big drug company, a successful drug company, profitable drug company. captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news" with scott pelley. >> pelley: this is our western edition. tonight, the first pope from the americas is in the united states
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for the first time in his life. late today, the leader of the world's 1.2 billion catholics arrived outside washington for a five-day visit that will include the first papal address to congress. pope francis didn't speak at the airport, but we talked to him shortly before he left rome. the vatican invited "60 minutes" to have a word. we wanted to talk to the pope about his trip and his recently declared "year of mercy," but we found the pope keeps his plans under his hat. what is your goal for america? "to meet people," he told us, "just to meet with them." what can the faithful expect from the year of mercy? "the mercy of god is so great, it will surprise us all." will you speak of immigration
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and the dispossessed in america? "i shall talk about what the holy spirit will inspire me to say." as we reached out with a parting gift, we were surprised to hear the one request made by a pilgrim before his first trip to the united states. "pray for me. i need it. god bless you." the pope's blessing will be conveyed on to millions of americans this week, and chip reid is covering in washington. >> reporter: on his first visit to the u.s., pope francis received a rare tarmac greeting from president obama, vice president biden, and their families and a group of school children bearing flowers. 1,000 onlookers cheered and chanted his name. the pope flew in from cuba, which was a symbolic stop, stemming from his role in normalizing relations between the communist country and the u.s. during a news conference on his plane, pope francis was asked if
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he would press the u.s. government to lift its trade embargo. "my desire is that they end up with a good result," he said. but, he said he did not have plans to specifically mention the issue while in washington. unlike most dignitaries who travel in limos or massive armored s.u.v.s, the pope left the airport in a modest fiat, waving to the crowd from the back seat, a boyish grin on his face. arriving at the vatican embassy in washington, his home for the next two days, pope francis was greeted by children from local catholic schools. francis is 78 years old, but you'd never know it. his schedule in washington is jam-packed. tomorrow's highlights include a morning meeting at the white house with the president and an address to 15,000 guests on the south lawn. that will be followed by a papal parade in the popemobile. he'll also bless this tiny chapel at catholic charities, where we interviewed monsignor john enzler.
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will that be a high point in your life? >> this is it, baby. i mean, for all of us who are part of the catholic charities this is going to be our high point. the pope coming to catholic charities, the pope to visit us, it is a complete over-the-top experience. >> reporter: later this week, pope francis will fly to new york city where he'll address the united nations, and, scott, a senior vatican official tells cbs news that one key topic will be the global outbreak of violent conflict, which francis has compared to world war iii being fought piece by piece. >> pelley: chip reid in washington. thanks, chip. cbs news will bring you live coverage of the pope's welcome to the white house tomorrow morning at 8:45 eastern time. today, donald trump said that he would welcome muslims in his administration. in an interview for "60 minutes," we met the front- runner for the republican presidential nomination in his new york apartment, and we asked why he didn't respond to an
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anti-muslim remark at a recent rally. we were with you in new hampshire when that man stood up. >> yes. >> pelley: and said, "we have a problem in this country and it's muslims." you let that pass, and i wonder what that tells us about you. >> well, he said much more than that. that was part of the statement. he then went on to say other things. >> pelley: but the bigotry part. >> look, he said mostly about obama, that whole question-- i don't have to defend president obama. he's not going to defend me. so whether you agree with the man or don't agree-- and there were people in that audience, as you probably noticed, that did agree with him. >> pelley: it was a testing moment for a man running for president. >> i don't think so. >> pelley: here you had a bigot. >> you don't know that. >> pelley: who you could slap down. >> he asked a question. you don't know he's a bigot. you doley: "a problem in this country and it's muslims." >> let me ask you, he said, "there are problems in this country and it's muslims." i love the muslims. i have many, many friends, people living in this building,
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muslims, they're phenomenal people. but like everything else, you have people where there are problems. we can say there are no problems with the muslims. there is no terrorism. there isn't anything. they didn't knock down the world trade center. to the best of my knowledge, the people that knocked down the world trade center-- they didn't fly back to sweden. >> pelley: trump will tell us about his tax plan, immigration plan, and proposals for creating jobs, all of that this sunday on the 48th season premiere of "60 minutes." trump's closest republican rival now is carly fiorina, the former c.e.o. of hewlett-packard. she rocketed into second place after her prime-time debate debut. major garrett caught up with her today in south carolina. >> these are complex issues that are important for people to understand. >> reporter: at the citadel in charleston, south carolina, carly fiorina spent an hour diving deep into the details of her national security and foreign policy.
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>> clearly, iran wants to be the regional hegemon of the middle east. we know we need about 50 army brigades. we know we need about 36 marine battalions. we know we need somewhere between 300 and 350 battle ships. >> reporter: fiorina's ascendance has come largely on the strength of her debate performances. there's a sense that your campaign is not fully organized, in the early stages, that you are a debate phenomenon candidate. would you evaluate that for me? >> well, i totally disagree. one of the things that i am keenly aware of is that debates do not win elections. voters do. and because voters win elections, you have to have people on the ground to get the vote out. we will do that. >> reporter: the people on the ground for the fiorina event we saw did not work for the presidential campaign but for the super pac, carly for america. under federal law, super pacs cannot coordinate with presidential campaigns. scott, fiorina insists they are not. >> pelley: major garrett in charleston. major, thanks.
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today, volkswagen admitted it rigged 11 million cars to defraud pollution tests. the u.s. justice deparment is looking into criminal charges. here's more from kris van cleave. >> in my german words we have totally screwed up. >> reporter: volkswagen's u.s. c.e.o. michael horn said what's become painfully clear for the world's largest automaker: >> our company was dishonest with the e.p.a., and the california air resources board. and with all of you. >> reporter: the 11 million cars with software to cheat u.s. emission standards are diesel versions of five popular models, built between 2009 and 2015. the company said it is moving full speed towards finding a fix and has set aside more than $7 billion to deal with the problem. that's about half a year's profits. but it's facing up to $18 billion in possible fines. the software senses when a vehicle is undergoing emissions tests and reduces the pollutants being released. but when driven, the e.p.a.
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found emissions 10 to 40 times above acceptable levels. >> the damage to volkswagen is going to last for years. >> reporter: clarence diltow runs the center for auto safety. >> this is so clearly a deliberate act by executives at volkswagen, that there needs to be criminal penalties. >> reporter: volkswagen's c.e.o. apologized again today in germany. scott, he could learn his fate tomorrow at a board meeting. >> pelley: kris, thanks very much. this is not a safety issue. the cars won't crash but there is a danger to health. here's ben tracy. >> reporter: this is what los angeles looked like in the 1980s-- beachgoers and buildings shrouded in smog. nearly 30 years later, you can see the impact of the toughest emission standards in the country. >> how long will this test take? >> reporter: diesel emissions, the kind volkswagen now admits covering up during tests, are the largest contributor to airborne cancer risk in california. that's why the state requires cleaner burning gasoline and
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strict controls on diesel vehicles. >> this is an issue of public health. >> reporter: stan young is with california's air resources board. because of its strict regulations, between 1990 and 2012, the amount of diesel particles in the air dropped 68% in california. that helped lower the overall cancer risk from toxic air pollution by 76%. young says v.w.'s admission proves why testing is so important. >> without this kind of really decisive testing, we wouldn't be able to find when they're cheating and when something is broken. >> reporter: california regulators are now working with volkswagen to recall all of the vehicles that no longer meet california's requirements. scott, they estimate that could be up to 60,000 vehicles. >> pelley: ben, thank you. today, the european union approved a quota system for relocating 120,000 refugees across the continent. it's just a fraction, though, of
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those who surged into europe to escape war and poverty, many of them from syria. holly williams has been investigating this crisis, and she's discovered refugee children forced into labor in turkey. xt reporter: in a basement in istanbul, a textile factory hums with activity, staffed almost entirely with syrian children. filming with a hidden camera, we found workshop after workshop in turkey's biggest city all using syrian refugees, some as young as 10. this boy said he came from war- torn aleppo. he's now safe from barrel bombs and terrorists, but not from exploitation. syria's nightmarish civil war has driven millions of people from their homes, including more
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than two million who fled across the border to turkey, but poverty has compelled many refugee families to send their children to work, turning their sons and daughters into bread winners. one of them is hussein omar, who fled syria last year after his neighborhood was shelled. at 10 years old, he told us he works a 12-hour day, sometimes six days a week, selling vegetables. do you know how to read and write? "no, "he told us. he only had one year of school before the war began. would you like to learn how to read and write? >> yes. >> reporter: but as long as syria's civil war rages, the chances of hussein ever getting an education are slim. we filmed hussein with our hidden camera at work in the herket.
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his wages of $25 a week help buy bread for his family of nine. a little boy toiling long hours for low pay and a bleak future. like so many other boys and girls still victims of a war they came here to escape. many of the syrians now making their way to europe first sought refuge here in turkey, in some cases staying for several years. but, scott, with little hope of a better life for their children here, it's no wonder that tens of thousands of syrian refugees have paid human smugglers to get them to europe. >> pelley: holly williams with remarkable investigative reporting for us tonight. holly, thanks. a c.e.o. tells us why he jacked up drug prices 5,000%. and we'll take a closer look at the pope's ride when the "cbs evening news" continues.
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>> pelley: tonight, the head of a drug company who is accused of gouging patients says he should be thanked. in one instance, he raised the price of a drug used by aids patients from $13.50 a pill to $750. don dahler asked him why. >> reporter: 32-year-old former hedge fund manager martin shkreli thought the drug daraprim was underpriced. the medication is used to treat a disease that can be fatal to those with a suppressed immune system, such as cancer and h.i.v. patients. fst year, fewer than 9,000 prescriptions were written for the pill. phkreli's company, turing pharmaceuticals, bought daraprim this year and immediately jacked the price up more than 5,000%. >> if there's a company that was selling an aston martin at the price of a bicycle, and we buy that company, and we ask to charge toyota prices i don't
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think that should be a crime. >> reporter: and it's not. the f.d.a. has no authority over drug prices. in february, valeant pharmaceuticals raised prices for two newly purchased heart drugs, isuprel and nitropress, 212% and 525%. two years ago, horizon pharma increased the price of vimovo pain tablets, 597%. in fact, since 2008, non-generic prescription drug prices have soared by 127%. >> but right now, it's a free market, and it's up to each company to decide what price is proper. >> reporter: shkreli says his company will use the profits from daraprim to develop other medicines. >> there's no doubt, i'm a capitalist. i'm trying to create a big drug company, a successful drug company, a profitable drug company. >> reporter: you see how greedy this move looks. >> i can see how it looks greedy, but i think there are altruistic properties to it. >> reporter: altruistic? in what way? >> in these profits we can spend the upside on patients who
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sorely need a new drug in my opinion. >> reporter: both leading democratic contenders are proposing federal rules regulating how prescription drugs are priced and marketed, owt, scott, apparently bowing to all the outrage, late today, shkreli said in a statement he would be open to lowering the .rug price. >> pelley: don dahler with the story and the interview, don, thanks very much. how do american catholics feel about their pope? we ask them when we come back. back. hey mcmellin' you gellin'? i'm gellin' and zinfandellin'.
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>> pelley: there are 80 million catholics in america, and francis has won most of them over. in a cbs news/"new york times" poll, 63% have a favorable opinion of him. here's dean reynolds. ♪ ♪ >> reporter: when family counselor victoria fleming attends mass on sunday in a chicago suburb, she is excited about her faith and especially her pope. >> he is actually living the
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sort of faithful and humble life that he's called to. >> reporter: she cheers each francis pronouncement from climate change to income inequality, and prays for more. where is he leading the church to? >> i think he's actually leading us back. i think he's leading us back to where jesus left off. >> reporter: fleming is among the 53% of american catholics who say the church is in touch with their needs, and the 79% who approve of its direction. >> i'm quite content to have that direction be brought in line with the ministry of jesus. >> reporter: mary anne hackett, president of catholic citizens of illinois, does not share fleming's enthusiasm. are you uncomfortable with this pope? >> yes. it's sort of like anxious, not knowing exactly what he's going to do next. >> reporter: well, is he doing damage? >> well, we'll see, won't we? >> reporter: hackett is among the 9% of american catholics who
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disapprove of the pope's direction. what do you think of his pronouncements on climate change, for example? >> i think he's wrong. >> reporter: and hackett says the pope leaves the impression that unshakable doctrine is up for discussion. are you surprised that 63% of catholics say the condition of the church in the united states is excellent or good? >> yes, i don't think they know what they're talking about. i think the condition of the church in the united states is very iffy, very iffy. >> reporter: among the strongest supporters of the argentine pope are american hispanics, and, scott, in heavily latino los angeles, the archbishop says that last year, there were more infant baptisms than in new york, washington, philadelphia, and chicago combined. >> pelley: dean reynolds reporting for us tonight. dean, thank you. riding along in the popemobile next.
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>> pelley: the pope began his u.s. visit not in a fancy limo but a modest fiat. he is driven to humility. bill plante has a look now at how popes travel. >> reporter: for centuries, popes were carried on the
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shoulders of the faithful. pope paul vi complained the swaying motion made him sea sick. it was pius xi who added motorized vehicles to the papal fleet. in 1930, mercedes-benz gave him a converted limousine. a lincoln continental was used for the first papal visit to the u.s. in 1965. but after the assassination attempt on pope john paul ii in 1981, everything changed. andreas widmer was a member of the swiss guard which protects the pope. >> the immediate reaction was to close. they put armored vehicle glass around the popemobile and everything. >> reporter: pope john paul didn't care for the name popemobile. he thought it undignified, but soon, wherever the pope went, you'd find a popemobile, and popes have often chafed at the security measures. pope francis has called the popemobile a glass sardine can. >> the security for the pope
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needs to optimize security while not hindering his ministry. if you don't let the pope do his ministry, he's not the pope anymore. >> reporter: so the popemobile francis will use on this trip is much like the one he used in ecuador earlier this year, a specially built jeep wrangler, open and unarmored. that might keep security officials up at night, but not the pope. he told an interviewer, "it's true that anything could happen," but he added, "let's face it, at my age i don't have much to lose." bill plante, cbs news, washington. >> pelley: and that's the "cbs evening news" for tonight. our coverage of the pope's visit continues tomorrow. we'll be reporting from washington. until then, for all of us at cbs news all around the world, good night. captioning sponsored by cbs captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org
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new at 6:00, soap, potatoes pace, even in our clothing, how these microbeads are getting into our bay and food chain. the raiders leaving something off the coliseum field. why some call it a snub against super bowl 50 and the league. >> what do those restaurant ratings really mean? how you can get all the dirty details at your fingertips. good evening, i'm ken bastida. >> i'm veronica de la cruz. what is in the bay area water? a new study shows the water is littered with tiny plastic beads and they are making their way into the food chain. new at 6:00, kpix 5's joe vazquez on the problem making the bay more polluted than the great lakes, joe? >> reporter: yeah. veronica, we're talking about those small flecks you might see in exfoliates on toothpaste. now, they are making us cleaner? humans? but the bay? not so much.
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as spectacular as the san francisco bay looks from above, scientists studying below the surface have discovered disturbing levels of pollution. 3.9million pieces of plastic entering the bay every day. way more than expected. >> we did expect to find plastics in the bay. we use a lot of plastics in this society but we didn't expect that levels would be so high here compared to other places like the great lakes. >> reporter: the famously polluted great lakes. scientists at the san francisco estuary institute dragged mesh bags behind boats to collect water samples around the bay. they found levels three to nine times that of the great lakes. san jose had the largest concentration of plastic. one major source of plastic? microbeads. thousands of tiny beads used in personal care products slipping through the plumbing system into lakes, rivers and

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